The command of the brush in my paintings on silk fabric is derived directly from the practice of Chinese calligraphy.

I have learned for many long years from the works of acknowledged masters and the exact strokes of a conventional artistic vocabulary constituted an arduous apprenticeship.

My work employs Sumi, which means literally "throw-ink".

Since the traditional silk fabric base is very absorbent, lines cannot be altered or diluted and as a skilled artist never repeats a line, it becomes impossible to tell when drawing ceases and painting begins.